The successive government’s of the Republic of Chile have been taking steps to improve the public transportation system, which currently suck life (see La Cuarta). In my opinion this is because of the socialist arrogance of Ricardo Lagos. The new transportation system is designed from his vision and with his advisors and it is called Transantiago.
Among the steps recently implemented include bringing Station Names to The Level of the People, so that the People can view the station stops from their perspective, that of the worker-in-transport.
Madrid, the capital of the old country called Spain, is that much more radical and free. It’s called Thirty Seven Years from the Death of Fascism and the Opus Dei and Escrivá de Balaguer becomes cute, fetish, like Hello Kitty in the East on designer fingernails, and liberal capitalism rids itself of religious ideology, maybe, Free, like the diet soda. It didn’t last long on the soda market, Free.
Thus Spain is a country of free radicals, since not-Franco and liberal capitalism.
Props to the free radical of Chile, El Divino Anticristo.
Check the recently named metro station of Madrid.
by John Dinges
published in the May/June issue of the Columbia Journalism Review
“The irony of Chile’s media is that there was more ideological diversity and journalistic energy in the printed press in the late 1980s, in the waning years of the hard-line dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, than now when he is long gone and proponents of democracy are firmly in control. Two daily newspapers, El Mercurio and La Tercera, dominate. Both are politically right of center. Their virtual monopoly is a legacy of the scorched-earth ideological repression that took place when Pinochet took power in the 1970s, confiscating or closing all media organizations that did not cheer on his military government. Chile’s newspaper market became what one study called a market ”duopoly… accompanied by an ideological monopoly.”
One might think that such an unbalanced press would have been remedied in the sixteen years since Pinochet left power, especially considering that the center-left Concertación, a coalition of moderate Socialists and Christian Democrats, has won all the elections. But one would be wrong.”
The article relates the story of a country which seems to have all its principles backwards and inside out, one in which works actively to stifle the creation of a press which could advance a more profound democratic transition in a desperate country.
The exhaustively reported piece also tells the story of why the most recent of Chile’s failed newspaper/magazine, Diario Siete/Siete Más 7, run by Mónica Gonzalez, is an extension of the actions and beliefs of the government which have led to the on-going legal battle by Victor Pey.
Victor Pey is the 92 year old owner of the extinct Chilean daily paper, El Clarin, and was a friend of two of Chile’s most notable historical heavyweights, Pablo Neruda and Salvador Allende. These figures died around the same time that El Clarin and its printing presses were confiscated by the military junta led by Augusto Pinochet in 1973.
His life in Chile in some ways hinged upon the lives of those three men. It was Pablo Neruda who arranged for the ship Winnipeg to go to Barcelona, Spain and pick up the political exiles being persecuted by the Franco dictatorship, among them Pey and his family. Check out this set of interviews in the BBC with Pey in 2004. It was Allende whom the newspaper El Clarin supported faithfully and succesfully in his rise to the presidency in 1971 and it was Pinochet’s government who placed Pey on the list of people to report to authorities in the days after the coup, whom were later killed. Pey instead found haven in a foreign embassy and soon left the country.
The newspaper, its printing presses and all documentation where snuffed out, shut down and destroyed. Upon return to Chile he set out on a long and laborious paper trail which has provided the foundations for his legal case against the Chilean government to recover financial compensation for the newspaper. The reasons for why the Chilean government acted this way is in the CJR article He was still on this paper trail when I took his photo before entering the periodicals room of the Biblioteca Nacional, looking for a newspaper article on microfilm. The records were not there. His next stop was the periodicals room of the ex-Congress of Santiago. He promised to help me navigate the multiple, disparate archives registering Chilean history in my future quest to tell the history of my family in Chile.
He awaits a decision by the ICSID (CIADI), a body of the World Bank which arbitrates and conciliates conflicts between foreign private investors and governments. A positive resolution would grant him between 100 and 500 million dollars in reimbursement from the Chilean government. He plans to set up the newspaper again.
“The Mapocho River once carried away the bodies of opponents to former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet. These days, it’s just a sluice of raw sewage cutting through the heart of Santiago.” When interviewing a street kid at the river-side homage for a teenager whose body was swept away after he jumped from one of the many bridges crossing the Mapocho, I spied the sad, bloated carcass of a dead dog on its concrete bank.
The great lede by Matthew Walter, of the financial news service Bloomberg, was for a recent article on changes in Santiago which was picked up by the Miami Herald (who, in a side note, have an increasingly reduced budget for freelance articles). Santiago is changing its image in an attempt to become a financial hub of activity for multinationals operating in Latin America, and thus stimulate economic activity and jobs here in-country. These changes are reflected in a plan to rescue the Mapocho River waterfront, new toll roads and new office building construction. It is a livability drive, apparently.
In his Chile blog, C.hileno strikes back, questioning the definition of livability, and for whom. He unloads a constructive, and occassionally erroneous, rant criticizing the view of Stgo as described by Walter.
C.hileno has recently been more constructively critical, as opposed to when he was approximating XXX XXXX arguments, on his experience in Santiago. Still he is overly critical if one reads the whole Walter article. The following are some of my issues with C.hileno’s post, which all things considered, are minor. Lets start from the top, getting things straight:
I quote C.hileno:
“What’s behind this frenzied yearning to whitewash Chile? … Is it forgivable ignorance about a small, relatively unimportant Latin nation that causes these journalist-typists to accept whatever “news” makes it out of here, like Chile is on the rise, socialism is robust and the vast middle class have now become intelligent, naturally-blonde consumers and the last wisps of smog are being blown out of clean-air Santiago?
Reading Matthew Walters article today’s Bloomberg, titled Chile, Seeking First World Status, Tackles Santiago River Mess, one would think so. A happy-go-lucky Gringo, ignorant yet optimistic. Except he doesn’t pull it off that well. Matthew Walters lives in Santiago.”
That’s fine as a general declaration. First Matthew Walters and then C.hileno.
Now “In February, the city inaugurated its first centrally operated transit system, which, despite some start-up glitches, put new, pollution-cutting buses on the roads.
Start up Glitches!? Transantiago is now a world famous transportation catastrophe that has increased smog by putting more cars on the streets! People have died in armed protest against Transantiago. An old man got smothered to death in the over-crowded metro, because of Transantiago. And even if Transantiago had worked, it would have reduced smog by 5%. But according to a recent editorial in La Tercera, car and truck emissions cause about 50% of smog in Santiago. And there are absolutely NO other initiatives to combat emissions, besides these billions flushed into failure.”
Questions for C.hileno:
1. Why are more cars on the streets? Give me statistics, or a citation. I’ve never understood this argument. Transantiago failure most affects poor people. Poor people don’t have cars, and if they did they would probably car pool. I would argue that rich people with the option to drive don’t make up a significant enough of a car driving demographic to contribute to pollution. That leaves the middle class, about which I have no opinion, because i have no fucking idea of the status of the middle class in Chile, what they do, how much money they have or what their priorities are… You are correct at least in principle on the no other initiatives to combat emissions in a significant way…who regulates big industry at night, for example. What is the budget for enforcement of emissions laws? Where is the EPA here?
2. Who died in armed protest against Transantiago? I couldn’t find it, nor remember when someone died in “armed protest.” Someone please help me.
3. An 89 year old man dies on the Santiago metro. Was he smothered, or did he have a a previous history of heart problems and whose family chose to throw out accusations against the Metro. (But, a 42 year old guard did die of a heart attack that same day in the metro.)
But in general, I agree with C.hileno’s analysis of Santiago. But not with the portrayal of the journalist, or the profession. While written from the perspective of a financial news agency, it was not a lazily reported story, nor typewritten by, for example, an El Mercurio reporter, a soft-bottom, as the English would say. Walter cites multiple sources, interviews multiple actors and gives a comprehensive vision of Stgo..now.
What it doesn’t do is take a critical look at development in Chile, and how people really are living, now. But the article didn’t try to do this…So don’t complain, C.hileno…read Walter’s other Transantiago article.
4. “Start up glitches”??? says Matthew Walters…
That is an absurd simplification of a complex and magnificent infrastructural catastrophe which has required millions and millions of dollars to patch, highlighted the manly arrogant incompetence of former president Ricardo Lagos and the womanly intuitive (yet inactive) incompetence of the actual president Michelle Bachelet, generated speculation on the international financial market about the short term effects on political stability and economic growth and now has major actors, like the Banco de Chile, threatening to pull out if the financial feasibility of the system is not fixed shortly. Transantiago can’t even figure out how to capture payments from passengers, and then distribute those funds to the bus owners, the so-called “clearing system”. Buses, like one I rode recently from Plaza Egaña to Vicuña Mackenna, run their daily routes for free because they haven’t installed the electronicmachines to receive payment from passengers. People want to pay, even.
When I emailed Walters congratulating him on a great lede, and questioning the usage of the phrase “start up glitches”..he responded with the following…:
“My point here was to acknowledge that the transantiago system has had problems without turning this into another story about transantiago. we’ve written so many stories about it already.”
“What was more important here was to show how the city has changed so much,” he continues. Fine, but man, that is a gross simplification that leads one to question the coherency of your editors.
C.hileno wonders why your story, or stories, doesn’t talk about:
“Dead babies, increased asthma, cancer, higher geriatric mortality caused by smog, which proportionally thickens as the income bracket drops, overcrowded prisons, abysmal reproductive rights, religious parliamentary moves to eliminate all forms of contraception, massive imprisonment of Mapuche Indians, grocery store clerks who wear diapers because their supervisors won’t allow them even 10 minute bathroom breaks (Santa Isabel/Cencosud/Horst-Paulmann). That’s Chile! “
‘Tis true that Santiago is changing, rapidly, for the benefit of its masters, like the multiple construction companies building twenty story apartment buildings in Santiago center with miniscule square footage, “american” kitchens, thin walls, narrow passageways and ZERO architectural inspiration. They are neo-poblaciones for a rising middle-class purchasing illusions on credit. They still won’t be able to have sex in private or sit at the dinner table without hearing the toilet flush of their neighbor, above, below, or to either side, like they did when they had less income.
So now Ill engage in speculation and bring us back to the original sentiment of C.hileno, that there is a desire to gloss over a crude reality which exists in Chile, maybe so as to better serve the interests of the dominant business class which economic quarter by economic quarter profitably capture and hold the economic reins of servile, poorly informed and uncritical masses of Chileans who aspire to a better life in Chile post-Pinochet/post-Concertación.
The unfettered hold on the Chilean people reminds me of an auspicious time, that of the glory days of the nitrate mines in the early 1900’s. English and American mine companies exploit workers endlessly, paying them in chips, or currency only valid within company stores.
Consequently, in 1907 workers organize themselves in advance of the Bolshevik Revolution, in the north of Chile, and are subsequently massacred in the elementary school Santa Maria de Iquique.
This past week DyS (Lider) and Falabella merged together, creating a $15 billion dollar supermarket and department store conglomerate. Now, your in-store credit card, CMR/Presto, which charges disadvantageous interest rates with complicated conditions, goes that much farther to facilitate your social ascension and self-esteem via purchases of made in China, and if you can’t pay for it the day after…increasing your Faladeuda.
How are things different now, one hundred years later? Banks and groups like Falabella/DyS are making money hand over fist, on the basis of services with astronomical prices and often hidden fees, goods which are of mediocre quality and monopoly.
When will the people rise up and question their sad state? When will they cease to be complicit in their own corruption, and in the corruption of Chile?